In this year the aim is to make the transition from myth to history and its emphasis on the individual. The children should develop a greater consciousness of the interrelatedness of life and environment - particularly through the study of botany. Olympian ideal in which group distinctions are subservient to the greater whole and in which qualities such as beauty are as valued as speed and distance. The children should be encouraged to strengthen their memory by learning such things as vocabulary and by visualizing spaces through the use of maps. Out of the growing memory powers, the sense for time has developed. Memory allows for looking back and planning the future and combined with deepening feeling, for the emergence of conscience and responsibility. In fifth grade the whole country is studied, including its geographical and economic relationships with other countries. Even at this age it is very important to go into the social aspects of geography both with regard to how the different peoples live together and with regard to caring responsibly for the environment.
The Tasks and Content of the Steiner-Waldorf Curriculum edited by Kevin Avison and Martin Rawson